Fruit trees and orchards are growing in popularity, not only because people enjoy growing and eating their own fresh produce, but also to conserve Britain's rich heritage in orchards, and to help in wildlife conservation, especially threatened bees. BTFL has been involved in conserving and creating orchards since 2006.
The Friends of Cotteridge Park campaigned to buy some rough ground to create a community orchard next to the park, for local residents and schoolchildren to enjoy. BTFL held an Apple Day on the site in 2006, with a display of over 200 varieties of apples to taste, and the first apple trees were planted. With further trees planted the following spring, an orchard of over 20 trees now provides fruit for the local community.
The first Apple Day in Cotteridge, with apples provided by nurseryman Nick Dunn of Tenbury Wells, Worcestershire, proved so popular that BTFL joined forces with The Birmingham Botanical Gardens and organised two more Apple Days in the autumn of 2007 and 2008.
Edgbaston Guinea Gardens
The conservation of traditional orchards is very important, and in 2007, BTFL started a long term project to help the Committee of the Edgbaston Guinea Gardens manage their amazing collection of old apple trees within the heritage allotment site, located only two miles from the City Centre. The first Guinea Garden allotments were laid out around 1850 and the Edwardian diary of a plot holder lists some of the many apple trees cultivated at that time. By working with an authority on traditional orchards to identify the varieties of apple trees, over 60 known varieties have now been identified, including some rare old ones such as Calville Blanc d’Hiver and Golden Spire. To help restore the old trees, BTFL funded a course to ensure the old trees could be pruned properly to extend their life. Where they are too old, new trees are being created by plotholders by grafting or budding onto new root stocks, thus preserving the traditional trees.
In 2008, BTFL worked in partnership with the Guinea Gardens Committee to clear a disused plot and create a new orchard. This, together with the school garden which shares the plot, won an award in 2009 for the best new allotment plot in Birmingham.
In 2009 BTFL gave some apple trees to the Birmingham & District Allotment Association for their members, in order to further spread the benefits of fruit trees.
In March 2011 the old orchard in the walled garden at the rear of Park House in Sutton Park was restored by Friends of Sutton Park, including the local bee keepers. BTFL funded 28 new apple trees, mostly varieties local to Staffordshire and Worcestershire. The Park Rangers will be working with local school children to look after them and harvest the fruit.
At Hazelwell Park, the Friends of the park wanted a foraging woodland rather than an orchard, so in March 2011 hazel nut trees were planted in a clearing in the woodland, and apple, pear, cherry and plum trees were planted in the natural hedgerows.
Lickey Hills Country Park
The Lickey Hills Rangers, Friends and Conservation volunteers started a new orchard in an open area of the park in 2011-12, with further trees added in December 2012. Because deer are present in the park, the young trees have been protected with wire guards. Lots of old varieties of fruit trees were planted to create a heritage orchard with many different historic local Worcestershire varieties.